Epi Information™ application, version step 3.5.4 (2008), was utilized to procedure AsianDate dating the data on step 3-time restaurants info. The food composition databases used in combination with that it equipment include 1,655 activities on the following offer: step one,307 edibles regarding the Us Agencies regarding Agriculture, 80 delicacies in the restaurants constitution dining tables of your own Institute off Nutrition to have Central The united states and Panama (INCAP), 254 items regarding recipes commonly consumed Costa Rica, and thirteen meals regarding the Costa Rican compulsory fortification food classification.
In the fat reduction intake research, outliers could possibly be the result of misreporting or programming mistakes, or they may reflect precise self-statement out of low-normative dining application. Outliers might not be affiliate of your population’s regular consumption shipment and certainly will establish biases and you can negatively impact statistical research and you will inferences. I made use of sex-certain unweighted overall energy consumption in the first percentile or above the latest 99th percentile once the thresholds to possess outliers, as necessary by the Dyer mais aussi al. (59). Because of this, 804 participants remained on last data.
Indicate intake try adjusted to own overall time consumption making use of the residuals means inside good regression model to the diet as created varying and energy because independent varying (60). Though the nutrient residuals exhibited normality otherwise near normality whenever plotted, certain distributions was skewed. These investigation failed to hold significantly more closely to the typical delivery by the record conversion, so we decided to perhaps not record alter the information and knowledge. To search for the differences when considering the overall qualities of analytical test investigation, Chi square was used to own categorical variables and you can Student’s t-shot having continuous parameters.
Relationship between everyday nutrient consumption of members and you will TCRAD results was basically determined. Statistical benefit was computed away from Spearman’s Review Acquisition correlation. Time adjusted median values of diet plan top quality get parts was basically compared across the about three TCRAD scores. Pairwise numerous investigations analysis was held and statistical relevance try calculated on standard Wilcoxon fact. SAS adaptation 9.4 (SAS Institute) was applied for everybody analyses. All the assessment was basically 2-tailed and statistical advantages height are place due to the fact 0.05.
Median intake of your time-adjusted 14 areas of the brand new TCRAD rating across the CRHEI groups was found in the Table 2. For all half dozen suit components (beans, create, fresh fruit, veggie oils, whole milk, and tortilla), energy-adjusted median intakes had been rather straight down getting teens having lower TCRAD rating as compared to adolescents having modest or high TCRAD get. Into eight unhealthy parts (purple meat, good fats, sweets, sweet drinks, items, processed food items, and you will money consumption), energy-adjusted median consumption have been rather down for teens with high TCRAD rating compared to. low conventional score. However, while you are sensed an unhealthy foods and you will inversely scored, average intake out of light rice are somewhat large for the teenage which have highest TCRAD score compared to. low conventional get.
Dining table 2. Average (min-max) of time-adjusted section consumption of the complete by kinds of the fresh new Conventional Costa Rican Teens Diet plan (TCRAD) get (n = 804) 1 .
To identify issues of this TCRAD rating, we checked out associations between your ratings and you can sex, many years, SES, college sort of (public/private), and you can residential town (rural/urban) having fun with a non-parametric ANOVA take to (Kruskal Wallis)
Full, this new TCRAD get is actually somewhat coordinated with all checked nutrition but total times, sugar, cholesterol levels, and you may calcium (Desk 3). Full fat, mono-, poly-, and you will saturated fats was in fact inversely and you may weakly correlated for the TCRAD get. Fiber, folate, magnesium, and potassium demonstrated reasonable confident correlation towards the TCRAD get.
Table step 3. Each and every day total opportunity and you may nutrient consumption off participants and you can correlation with the standard Costa Rican Adolescents Diet rating an effective .
Dietary intakes of TCRAD score components by adolescents’ sociodemographic. characteristics are presented in Table 4. Mean energy-adjusted TCRAD score was higher in girls than in boys (7.5 vs. 7.0, p = 0.0004), lower in adolescents classified as high SES compared to those classified as medium and low SES (6.9 vs. 7.2 vs. 7.3, p < 0.05),>